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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 15-19

The laparoscopic approach in emergency surgery: A review of the literature

1 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy Bucharest; Emergency Hospital of Bucharest, Romania
2 Emergency Hospital of Bucharest, Romania
3 Department of Legal Medicine and Bioethics, National Institute of Legal Medicine Mina Minovici, Romania
4 Department of Surgery, Macerata Hospital, Macerata, Italy
5 Division of Trauma, Critical Care and General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA

Correspondence Address:
Ionut Negoi
Senior Lecturer of Surgery, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy Bucharest, General Surgery Department, Emergency Hospital of Bucharest
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2221-6189.228873

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The role of laparoscopy in the acute care surgery had significantly increased during the latest years, both as a diagnostic and treatment method of all the upper or lower gastrointestinal pathologies. The objective of the present research is to review the current indications for laparoscopy in bdominal emergencies and to detail the benefits and complications associated with this approach. We have reviewed the relevant literature about this topic published between January 2005 and December 2017, using the PubMed/Medline and Web of Science Core Collection databases. According to the current evidence, we may conclude that the laparoscopic approach is an integral part of the emergency surgery for all the abdominal pathologies. Although laparoscopy requires specialized training and curricula, it brings all the benefits of minimal access in acute care arena.

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