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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 103-107

Hyponatremia in the acute phase of spinal cord trauma: Review


1 Universidad de Cartagena, Cartagena de Indias, Colombia
2 Department of Neurosurgery, Narayna Medical College Hospital, Chinthareddypalem, Nellore-524003, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
4 School of Medicine. Centro de Investigaciones Biomédicas (CIB). Cartagena Neurotrauma Research Group research line. Faculty of Medicine - University of Cartagena, Cartagena, Colombia
5 Neurosurgery Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq
6 Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Managua, Nicaragua

Correspondence Address:
Luis Rafael Moscote Salazar
Universidad de Cartagena, Cartagena de Indias
Colombia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2221-6189.236823

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Hyponatremia is a common electrolyte disturbance usually observed in neurosurgical patients undergoing surgical management of traumatic, as well as, nontraumatic intracranial pathology. The spinal cord trauma is also associated with occasional development of such hyponatremia; it usually occurs within the first two-weeks of the injury. Hyponatremia can lead to alterations of consciousness, convulsions, coma, cardiac arrhythmias and on rare occasions, death. Authors present a practical oriented review of the literature.


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