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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 108-114

A survey on the epidemiology of trauma and China trauma care training in subtropical regions of Hainan Province

1 Trauma Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical College, Hainan Province 570102, China
2 Nanlou Respiratory Diseases Department, PLA General Hospital,28 Fuxing Road, Beijing 100853, China
3 Hainan Medical College, No.3 Xueyuan Road, Haikou, Hainan Province 570102, China

Correspondence Address:
Zhong-Lin Zhou
Hainan Medical College, No.3 Xueyuan Road, Haikou, Hainan Province 571199
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2221-6189.236824

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Objective: To investigate the epidemiology of trauma patients in subtropical areas of Hainan Province and the improvement of the level of trauma treatment in China trauma care training (CTCT). Methods: From 01-01-2015 to 01-01-2016, the epidemiological data of 2 476 patients with trauma were collected. From 01-01-2016 to 01-01-2017, 105 professional doctors and nurses in emergency surgery took part in CTCT, and their knowledge were compared before and after training. Results: There were 1 656 male and 820 female trauma patients with 1 614 cases in the middle and young age and 478 cases were the elderly. In terms of occupational distribution, 736 peasants, 574 workers and 458 retirees were involved. In May, the number of patients was the highest 332. October to January was the high-incidence season of trauma. In 24 hours a day: 11:00-13:00, 18:00-19:00, 23:00-03:00 were the high incidence periods. Referred to trauma sites, 904 cases of trauma happened on roads, 540 cases in family and 370 cases in restaurants or entertainment facilities. Through CTCT, the scores of the theoretical examination, the assessment of the trauma treatment skills and the field test scores of the emergency surgery practitioners were better than before (P<0.05). The misdiagnosis rate of severe trauma patients decreased from 26.21% to 15.36% (P<0.05). The mortality rate of severe trauma patients decreased from 18.67% to 13.94% (P<0.05). Conclusions: Trauma epidemiology in Hainan is closely related to its special geographical environment, which provides a reference for the prevention and treatment of trauma in Hainan, and some information for the government to formulate corresponding laws and regulations, as well as emergency plans and other relevant strategies. CTCT training improves the level of theoretical knowledge and first aid skills of medical personnel involved in trauma treatment. Health departments and medical education departments may consider extending CTCT training and continuing education programs to Hainan and other parts of China.

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