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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 167-174

Conservative approach in drilling-cutting tool injuries


1 Department of General Surgery, Bakirkoy Dr Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
2 Department of Internal Medicine, Bakirkoy Dr Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
3 Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Health Sciences Bakirkoy Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Halil Doğan
Associate Professor, MD, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Health Sciences Bakirkoy Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2221-6189.241028

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Objective: To prevent unnecessary laparotomies by evaluating the effectiveness of conservative approach in abdominal trauma cases due to drilling-cutting instruments. Methods: Demographic data, effected region of the body, additional findings of trauma, hemodynamic parameters, duration of admission, diagnostic methods and treatment modalities were retrospectively evaluated in 217 cases with abdominal injury (lower thoracic region, abdominal wall and back) among 1 128 victims with drilling-cutting instrument injuries between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2017. The conservative approach was based on physical examination, hemogram follow-up and hemodynamic evaluation. Results: Totally 177 (81.6%) cases of 217 patients were followed conservatively while 25 cases were operated at early (1-8 hours) and 15 were operated at late (9-48 hours) periods. Two patients who underwent surgery in the early period and two patients who underwent surgery in the late period were accepted as negative laparotomy while 1 patient in the late operated group was regarded as non-therapeutic laparotomy. Diagnostic laparoscopy was performed in 81 cases. Complications developed in 7 patients who were operated in the early period and 10 patients who were operated in the late period. The mean hospital stay period was 5.3 days (1-33) in all cases, 4.5 days (2-20) in conservative treatment group and 8.4 days (3-33) in the operated patients; and the difference was statistically significant. Conclusions: Detailed physical examination, accurate assessment and effective use of different diagnostic methods reduce the frequency of negative and non- therapeutic laparotomies in abdominal stab wound injuries.


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