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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 142-145

Epidemiological and clinical data of patients with stings and bites at a medical center of Turkey

1 Elazig Education and Research Hospital, Elazig, Turkey
2 Ankara City Hospital Department of Emergency, Ankara, Turkey
3 Ministry of Health of Turkey, Health Directorate of Bingol City, Bingol, Turkey
4 Ministry of Health of Turkey, Health Directorate of Ankara City, Head of Emergency Health Services, Ankara, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Hakan Oguzturk
Ankara City Hospital Department of Emergency, Ankara
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2221-6189.263706

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Objective: To analyze the epidemiological and clinical data of patients who were admitted to Inönü University Turgut Özal Medical Center Emergency Department with bites and stings between 2013 and 2015. Methods: Patients with bites and stingings who were admitted to Inönü University Turgut Özal Medical Center during 2013-2015 were selected for this retrospective evaluation. We retrived the following information including age, gender, anatomic localization of the sting or bite, admission time, complaints, vital signs, length of stay, laboratory findings and hospitalization department. Pearson’s chi-square test, Fisher’s exact test, One-way ANOVA test and the Bonferroni correction as post hoc were used for statistical analysis. Results: The mean age of the patients was (43.51±16.90) years, and 55% were male. The most common admission reason was pain (34.7%), followed by rash (19.1%) and panic (11.6%). A total of 16.8% of the admissions occurred in July, 16.8% in August and 16.5% in June while the occurrence was the lowest in November with 1.5%. The most prevalent bites or stinging animals were scorpions (34.6%), followed by ticks (19.7%) and bees (12.9%). Antihistaminic-steroid-tetanus and analgesic-antihistaminic-steroid combinations were administered, respectively to 59.6% and 25% of the patients. The longest length of stay was (48.56±26.92) h due to snake bites. Conclusions: The community should be educated about the living areas of these animals, the seasons and hours in which they are active. Since individuals living and working in rural areas are at risk, more education should be given to them.

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