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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 160-164

Practice of cardiopulmonary resuscitation among health care providers in a tertiary health centre in a semi-urban setting

1 Department of Paediatrics, Consultant Paediatrician, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital/Bayero University Kano, Nigeria
2 Department of Family Medicine, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria
3 Department of Medicine, Federal Medical Centre; Birnin Kudu, Jigawa State, Nigeria
4 Nursing Department, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria
5 Department of Paediatrics, Federal Medical Centre, Birnin Kudu, Jigawa State, Nigeria
6 Institute of Human Virology, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Ibrahim Aliyu
Department of Paediatrics, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2221-6189.263709

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Objectives: To assess the basic knowledge of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) among health workers in a tertiary health facility in a semi-rural county. Methods: A questionnaire based, cross sectional study involving health care professionals was performed in Federal Medical Centre, Birnin Kudu, Jigawa State, Nigeria from April to July 2017. A purposive sampling method was adopted for subject selection. A pretested self-administered questionnaire was distributed; this included knowledge on basic life support; participation in basic life supportand outcomes. It was adopted from the American Heart Association guidelines for CPR and emergency cardiac care. Results: One hundred and two respondents were recruited (40 doctors and 62 nurses). There were 50 males (49%) and 52 females (51%). Their age ranged from 23 to 54 years with mean of (34.9± 7.4) years. Only 20% of the respondents were aware of circulation, airway and circulation in adult resuscitation; however, 61.0% of all respondents were aware of airway, breathing and circulation of resuscitation in children. Furthermore, only 10% of the respondents were aware of the correct steps of single rescuer resuscitation. Their knowledge was poor about chest compression and ventilation for both adult and children resuscitation. The overall knowledge score ranged from 0.0% to 100% with mean knowledge score of (21.2±18.6)%. The date of last training about CPR had no relationship with the knowledge scores (χ2=2.951, P=0.300). The cadre of the respondents (doctors and nurses) had no relationship with their knowledge score (χ2=0.100, P=0.633 for doctors and nurses; ,χ2=7.074, P=0.225 for doctors cadre; XX2=3.868, P=0.677 for nurses cadre) respectively. Conclusions: The knowledge about CPR among health workers is poor; furthermore, the last date of training about CPR and the cadre of staffs have no relationship with knowledge of CPR.

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