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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 244-247

Diabetes and coronavirus infections (SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV, and SARS-CoV-2)


1 Virology Department, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
2 Department of Virology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Medical Biotechnology, School of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Science, Babol, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Milad Zandi
Department of Virology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2221-6189.299178

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Diabetes, as the major cause of hyperglycemia, is a chronic metabolic disease. Immune system disorders caused by diabetes can increase the risk of respiratory diseases. Thus, diabetes is considered to be a major risk factor for viral respiratory infections such as coronavirus infections. Coronaviruses are members of the Coronaviridae, which has caused three outbreaks from 2003 to 2020. Patients with coronavirus infection in the lower and upper respiratory tract could show mild to severe symptoms. In this review, we focus on the relationship between diabetes and three coronaviruses: SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV, and SARS-CoV-2.


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