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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 263-269

Risk factors of COVID-19 infection among policemen: A case-control study


Department of Community and Family Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India

Correspondence Address:
Bijit Biswas
Department of Community and Family Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2221-6189.299182

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Objective: To investigate the risk factors and protective measures of COVID-19 among policemen in an eastern state of India. Methods: This case-control study was conducted in Bihar, located in the eastern part of India. In total, 6 confirmed COVID-19 cases (the case group) and 11 negative contacts of these cases (the control group) of Bihar Military Police participated in the study. Results: All subjects were male with a median age of 51 (range: 23-60) years. Among these 6 confirmed cases, 5 cases were asymptomatic. One third (33.3%) of the case group and the majority (90.9%) of the control group reported maintenance of physical distance of at least 1 meter with others all the time, which was significantly different (P=0.028). There was no other statistically significant difference between the case group and the control group. Conclusions: Physical distancing is the most effective public health measure to control contagious diseases like COVID-19, especially in the absence of an effective vaccine in police settings.


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