• Users Online: 1623
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 252-257

COVID-19 mortality and its risk factors: A single-center observational study

1 Department of Pharmacology, Army College of Medical Sciences, Delhi, India
2 Deaprtment of Pharmacology, Army College of Medical Sciences, Delhi, India
3 Department of Pathology, Army College of Medical Sciences, Delhi, India
4 All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, India
5 Department of Pharmacology, Subharti Medical College, Meerut, India
6 Kegan Pathology Laboratory, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Neena Katoch
Deaprtment of Pharmacology, Army College of Medical Sciences, Delhi
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2221-6189.330745

Rights and Permissions

Objectives: To determine COVID-19 mortality and its risk factors in hospitalized patients at of a tertiary care center in north India. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted of patients who were hospitalized from May 2020 to January 2021. The in-hospital mortality was assessed, and demographic variables and comorbidities between COVID-19 deaths and survivors were compared. Results: A total of 24 000 patients were admitted during the study period, among which 17 000 had shown positive results of the RT-PCR test for COVID-19. The total mortality was 329 patients (1.37%), among which 232 (70.52%) succumbed due to COVID-19, and 97 (29.48%) died due to other illnesses. The mean age of the patients was (64.09±16.99) years. The mean age was significantly higher in COVID-19 related deaths [(67.63±13.78) years] as compared to that of the survivors [(60.52±19.5) years] (P<0.001). Compared to COVID-19 survivors, there were more males (72.41% v.s. 61.5%) and less females (27.59% v.s. 38.5%) in COVID-19 related deaths (P=0.001). Comorbidities such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and chronic kidney disease showed a significant correlation with COVID-19 mortality with an adjusted odds ratio of 2.389 (95% CI: 1.465-2.982), 3.891 (95% CI: 2.059-5.392), and 6.358 (95% CI: 5.675-10.564), respectively. Conclusions: Elderly males with comorbidities have higher risk for mortality related to COVID-19. Ongoing vaccination drive is rightfully prioritised to serve the high-risk category first.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded120    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal