• Users Online: 149
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 59-64

Comparative study on effects of dexmedetomidine and dexamethasone on the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery


1 Department of Anaesthesiology & Critical Care, Air Force Hospital, Kanpur 208004, India
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Command Hospital (SC), Pune 411040, India
3 Department of Anaesthesiology & Critical Care, Armed forces Medical College, Pune 411040, India
4 Department of Periodontics, 304 Field Hospital, Kanpur 208004, India
5 Department of Orthopaedics, Indian Naval Hospital Ship Asvini, Mumbai 400005, India
6 Department of Anaesthesiology & Critical Care, Indian Naval Hospital Ship Asvini, Mumbai 400005, India

Correspondence Address:
Shalendra Singh
Department of Anaesthesiology & Critical Care, Armed forces Medical College, Pune 411040
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2221-6189.342662

Rights and Permissions

Objective: To compare the safety and efficacy of dexmedetomidine and dexamethasone for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in patients scheduled for laparoscopic surgery. Methods: A total of 86 female patients were prospectively administered dexmedetomidine 1 μg/kg i.v. (the group A, n=43), and dexamethasone 8 mg i.v. (the group B, n=43). The two groups were compared in treatment response, hemodynamic changes, and Numerical Analog Scale (NAS). Besides, the relation of PONV with patient baseline characteristics in the perioperative period was determined as well. Results: Patients in group A had lower PONV scores (t=3.1, P<0.002), less needs for rescue anti-emetics (χ2=0.47, P<0.001), and decreased intraoperative heart rate (t=9.72, P<0.001) and mean arterial pressure (t=7.58, P<0.001) compared to that of group B. Group A reported lower NAS than group B (t=2.66, P<0.001). In addition, we found no relationship between PONV score and rescue anti-emetic requirement, age, or body mass index (P=0.96, P=0.60, P=0.28, respectively). Conclusion: Dexmedetomidine could be used as an effective antiemetic in laparoscopic surgeries, with better efficacy than dexamethasone. Dexmedetomidine not only can reduce PONV but also is effective in postoperative analgesia.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed689    
    Printed12    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded72    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal