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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 150-155

Hematological indices as predictors of mortality in dengue shock syndrome: A retrospective study

1 S.P. Medical College, Bikaner, Rajasthan, India
2 AIIMS Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Ketan Bhatnagar
S.P. Medical College, Bikaner, Rajasthan, India
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Source of Support: This study received no extramural funding, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2221-6189.355312

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Objective: To explore predictive hematological parameters on admission which are associated with mortality in NS1 positive dengue shock syndrome patients. Methods: Demographic characteristics, hematological parameters, and the outcome of NS1 positive dengue shock syndrome patients without any comorbidity and coexisting infections were collected from the Intensive Care Unit and the results were compared between the survivor and non-survivor groups. Results: The mean age was (30.77±11.48) years and 56 (56.6%) patients were males. Out of the total 99 patients, 72 (72.27%) patients were successfully discharged and 27 (27.27%) patients eventually succumbed to death. The most common hematological finding was thrombocytopenia (95.95%), followed by anemia (52.52%) and decreased mean platelet volume (37.37%). After controlling other variables, logistic regression analysis showed that absolute neutrophil count and mean platelet volume were associated with mortality. Conclusions: Total leucocyte count, absolute neutrophil count, and total platelet count are significantly higher, and mean platelet volume is significantly lower in the non-survivor group as compared to the survivor group. Absolute neutrophil count and mean platelet volume are predictors associated with mortality.

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