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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 18-22

The modified systemic inflammation score is a predictor of ICU admission of COVID-19 patients

1 Department of Emergency Medicine, Karabük University School of Medicine, Karabük, Turkey
2 Department of Pediatric Intensive Care, KBÜ Karabük Training and Research Hospital, Karabük, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Damla Anbarli Metin
Department of Emergency Medicine, Karabük University School of Medicine, Karabük
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2221-6189.369074

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Objective: To evaluate the effect of the modified systemic inflammation score (mSIS) on prognosis in patients diagnosed with COVID-19. Methods: In this retrospective cross-sectional study, 181 patients were selected and divided into two groups: patients with and without admission to the intensive care unit (ICU). An albumin level of ≥4.0 g/dL and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) of ≥3.4 was scored 0, an albumin level of <4.0 g/dL or LMR of <3.4 was scored 1, and an albumin level of <4.0 g/dL and LMR of <3.4 was scored 2. Results: A total of 242 COVID-19 positive patients were initially included in this study. Of these patients, 61 were excluded and 181 patients remained. Among the 181 participants, 94 (51.9%) were female, and the median age was 61 (51, 75) years. The mSIS scale ranged from 0 to 2. After analysis, the median score was 0 (0, 0) in the non-ICU group and 2 (0, 2) in the ICU group (P<0.001). The median white blood cell, lymphocyte counts, and albumin levels were lower in the ICU group (P<0.001, P<0.001, and P<0.001, respectively). In logistic regression analysis lymphocytopenia (OR=5.158, 95% CI=1.249-21.304, P=0.023), hypoalbuminemia (OR=49.921, 95% CI=1.843-1 352.114, P=0.020), AST elevation (OR=3.939, 95% CI=1.017-15.261, P=0.047), and mSIS=2 (OR=5.853, 95% CI=1.338-25.604, P=0.019) were identified as independent predictors of ICU admission. Conclusion: The mSIS can be used as an independent parameter for establishing the intensive care needs of patients with COVID-19.

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