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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 35-38

Emerging peril of post–dengue mucormycosis: A case report

1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, UCMS & GTB Hospital, Delhi 110095, India
2 Department of Internal Medicine, UCMS & GTB Hospital, Delhi 110095, India

Correspondence Address:
Neha Verma
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, UCMS & GTB Hospital, Delhi 110095
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2221-6189.369077

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Rationale: Dengue fever is a leading cause of death in tropical and subtropical countries. Although most patients have a self-limited febrile illness, the viral infection can induce virus-mediated host changes, making immunocompetent persons susceptible to deadly fungal infections. However, there are only a few reports of such an association. Here we present a case of this deadly co-infection. Patient’s Concern: A 17-year-old male patient was diagnosed with dengue fever. He presented to us with facial swelling, periorbital edema, and black discoloration over the palate during the second week of his illness. Diagnosis: Diagnostic tests confirmed the presence of fungal hyphae. A diagnosis of post-dengue mucormycosis was made. No other comorbidity or underlying immune deficit was detected. Interventions: The patient underwent surgical debridement and antifungal treatment. Outcomes: The patient recovered and showed signs of palatal healing with an advancing mucosal edge. Lessons: Dengue virus and mucor co-infection has brought to light a new pathogenic paradigm. Clinicians need to be aware of this emerging medical condition and maintain a high index of suspicion for mucor co-infections while treating dengue patients.

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