Journal of Acute Disease

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 112--116

Effect of exchange blood transfusion on oxygen saturation of neonates with severe neonatal jaundice by pulse oximetry


Abubakar Muhammed Shakur1, Nuhu Abubakar Garba2, Ibrahim Ahmadu1, Daniel Apollos3, Aminu Wada4, Safiya Garba Abdullahi1, Abdulsalam Mohammed4, Mustafa O Asani1, Ibrahim Aliyu1 
1 Department of Pediatrics, Cardiopulmonary Unit Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria
2 Department of Pediatrics, Federal Medical Centre, Nguru, Nigeria
3 Department of Pediatrics, Federal Teaching Hospital, Gombe, Nigeria
4 Department of Pediatrics, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Abubakar Muhammed Shakur
Department of Pediatrics, Cardiopulmonary Unit Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano
Nigeria

Objective: To determine if there was any difference in SpO2 readings during exchange blood transfusion (EBT). Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study of neonates with severe neonatal jaundice requiring EBT was conducted. Oxygen saturation was recorded before, immediately and 15 minutes after EBT by using a pulse oximeter. Results: This study included 30 neonates with 20 males and 10 females. The age ranged from 1 to 12 days with a mean of (5.4 ±2.9) days. Pre-EBT SpO2 ranged from 90% to 98% with a mean value of (94.3 ± 2.2)%; SpO2 in the end of EBT ranged from 85% to 99% with a mean value of (94.1 ± 3.2)%; SpO2 at 15 minutes after EBT ranged from 77% to 99% with a mean value of (94.8 ± 4.1)%. There was no significant difference between SpO2 values at onset of EBT and either immediately or 15 minutes after EBT (P=0.770 and 0.422, respectively). SpO2 showed no significant difference between neonates who were infused with blood of different storage times (<24 h or ≥24 h) at the onset of EBT (P=0.584), immediately (P>0.999) and 15 minutes after EBT (P=0.887). Besides, SpO2 values were compariable in neonates with hematocrit <45% or ≥45% at the onset of EBT (P=0.284), immediately (P=0.118) and 15 minutes after EBT (P=0.868). Conclusions: EBT does not affect SpO2 in neonates.


How to cite this article:
Shakur AM, Garba NA, Ahmadu I, Apollos D, Wada A, Abdullahi SG, Mohammed A, Asani MO, Aliyu I. Effect of exchange blood transfusion on oxygen saturation of neonates with severe neonatal jaundice by pulse oximetry.J Acute Dis 2021;10:112-116


How to cite this URL:
Shakur AM, Garba NA, Ahmadu I, Apollos D, Wada A, Abdullahi SG, Mohammed A, Asani MO, Aliyu I. Effect of exchange blood transfusion on oxygen saturation of neonates with severe neonatal jaundice by pulse oximetry. J Acute Dis [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Jul 30 ];10:112-116
Available from: http://www.jadweb.org/article.asp?issn=2221-6189;year=2021;volume=10;issue=3;spage=112;epage=116;aulast=Shakur;type=0